NPTEL Developing Soft Skills And Personality Assignment 3 Answers 2023 (July- Oct)

Welcome to NPTEL's Developing Soft Skills And Personality Assignment 3 for the period of July to October 2023. This comprehensive assignment covers a wide range of topics that are essential for personal and professional development. In this article, we will delve into the key lectures and concepts covered in the assignment, offering detailed insights and explanations to help you excel in your journey of self-improvement.

NPTEL Developing Soft Skills And Personality Assignment 3 Answers 2023 (July- Oct)


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1. Nandita is an athlete who has the habit of consuming alcohol whenever she feels stressed. At the start of every month, she decides to quit but fails. She keeps postponing the decision, even though she feels miserable about it. What are some steps she can adopt to break this habit cycle?

  1. Nandita can downplay or ignore the negative impact of alcohol consumption on her physical and mental well-being.
  2. Nandita can surround herself with friends, family, or support groups who understand her struggle and provide encouragement that can help her stay accountable and motivated.
  3. Nandita can fall into the trap of seeking instant solutions or relying on unproven methods to break the habit.
  4. Nandita can continue to convince herself that quitting alcohol can be delayed, further perpetuating the habit cycle.
  5. Nandita can set achievable goals with a shorter and more realistic time frame to track her progress, celebrating even small victories along the way.
  6. Nandita can consult a therapist or addiction counselor who can provide guidance, support, and strategies to overcome the habit.
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2. Which among the following options are essential lessons from the story of “The Patient”?

  1. Good and bad habits are formed by peer group influence and the environment.
  2. Friends can only induce bad habits in a person.
  3. Doctors can be the real culprits in developing bad habits in patients.
  4. Money and status can determine whether a habit is good or bad.
  5. Individual perception and belief are pertinent in retaining a good habit and changing a bad habit.
  6. Repercussions of bad habits will decrease if shared with a friend.
Answer :- 

3. Antony is a social media influencer who portrays himself as a peace lover and makes videos about non-violence. In reality, he is abusive. Kartik, a fan of Antony, gets the opportunity to meet him at a restaurant but is surprised by how rudely Antony treats the staff. Kartik grasps the idea that having a different private personality is acceptable as long as Antony does not perpetuate these traits and habits publicly. Kartik eventually may develop this habit himself, and this shows the potential of social media in creating a facade. What are the messages that one can imbibe from this situation?

Failing to recognize the importance of aligning one’s actions and values in both private and public life promotes personal growth, integrity, and the development of positive habits.
Critically evaluating the personas presented on social media can help individuals make informed choices and avoid being influenced by deceptive facades.
Believing that it is acceptable to have different private and public personalities can lead to a lack of authenticity and unethical behavior.
Dismissing the influence of public figures and role models in shaping behavior undermines their impact on others and the potential for negative habits to be normalized.
Accepting the ability to have a different private personality as long as one maintains a positive public image regards the importance of integrity and the need to keep public and private lives separate.
Taking responsibility for one’s actions and continuously reflecting on personal behavior can lead to self-improvement and the formation of positive habits.

Answer :- 

4. Which among the following statements are true about habits?

  1. They are behavioral responses to stimuli.
  2. They are hereditary.
  3. They are always easy to break or change.
  4. They can be formed through repetition.
  5. They are only related to physical actions, not thoughts or emotions.
  6. They are always conscious and deliberate actions.
Answer :- 

5. Identify the statements that are TRUE with respect to habits.

  1. Habits can be both beneficial and detrimental, depending on their nature and impact on one’s life.
  2. Habits have no impact on an individual’s overall well-being, productivity, or success in life.
  3. Habits can be consciously developed and modified through self-awareness and intentional effort.
  4. Habits have the potential to be changed or replaced with new ones through focused intention and perseverance.
  5. Genetic factors solely determine habits and cannot be influenced by personal choices or external circumstances.
  6. All habits are inherently bad and must be completely eradicated for personal growth and improvement.
Answer :- 

6. Anu is an employee in a highly competitive industry where job security is a concern. She wants to secure her position and make herself indispensable to her organization. Which of the following actions would be effective in achieving her goal?

  1. Constantly updating her skills and knowledge to stay relevant in her field.
  2. Engaging in office politics and forming alliances to fight against deserving colleagues and secure her position.
  3. Proactively seeking feedback and implementing constructive criticism to enhance her performance.
  4. Resisting any changes or improvements suggested by her superiors to maintain the status quo.
  5. Seeking job security through unethical practices or compromising her values.
  6. Taking on additional responsibilities and projects even at the expense of her mental and physical well-being.
Answer :- 

7. Mahendra has a significantly large number of emails in his inbox, causing him to feel overwhelmed and anxious. In an attempt to improve his productivity and mental state, he decides to take action. Which of the following actions are likely to have a positive impact on Mahendra?

  1. Mahendra randomly deletes a few emails from his inbox without reviewing their content.
  2. Mahendra marks all emails in his inbox as unread for fun.
  3. Mahendra spends a significant amount of time meticulously organizing his inbox into folders based on various criteria.
  4. Mahendra ignores his inbox entirely and focuses on other tasks, hoping the problem will resolve itself.
  5. Mahendra sets specific time slots throughout the day dedicated solely to managing his email.
  6. Mahendra prints out all his emails but fails to read them.
Answer :- 

8. Identify the reasons why choosing to form good habits is a habit.

  1. It enables individuals to make intentional choices and prioritize their well-being and success.
  2. It is too challenging and unrealistic to maintain, as breaking bad habits is nearly impossible.
  3. It fosters a sense of accountability and responsibility toward one’s goals and aspirations.
  4. It restricts freedom and limits one’s ability to explore new experiences and opportunities.
  5. It requires consistent practice and repetition to internalize the desired behavior.
  6. It requires no effort or consistency, as good habits come naturally to individuals.
Answer :- 

9. Why is the regular consumption of teleserials discouraged?

  1. They can be emotionally draining and stressful.
  2. They promote addictive behavior and can consume a lot of viewer’s time.
  3. They can negatively impact one’s mental health.
  4. They can interfere with one’s personal growth and productivity.
  5. They always provide complete closure and resolution, which can be mentally satisfying.
  6. They are the most intellectually stimulating form of entertainment and contribute significantly to knowledge enhancement.
Answer :- 

10. Abhi and Sai are best friends. They spend a lot of time together and have a powerful influence over each other. Choose the sustainable methods through which they can contribute productively to each other’s habit formation.

  1. They can provide constructive feedback and gentle reminders when either of them deviates from their desired habits, helping each other stay on track.
  2. They can ridicule and mock each other’s attempts at forming new habits, creating a demotivating and unsupportive environment.
  3. They can openly communicate their goals and aspirations, sharing insights, tips, and resources that can aid in forming habits.
  4. They can compete with each other to see who can develop more habits, fostering an unhealthy sense of rivalry.
  5. They can engage in healthy activities together, such as exercising, cooking nutritious meals, or practicing mindfulness, which can inspire and reinforce positive habits.
  6. They can celebrate each other’s successes and milestones, creating a positive and encouraging environment that reinforces the formation of new habits.
Answer :- 

11. Satyavati has noticed some negative patterns in her life and wants to identify her bad habits to make positive changes. Which option can help Satyavati recognize her unhealthy habits?

  1. Reflecting on her daily routines and behaviors to identify patterns that lead to negative outcomes.
  2. Ignoring the negative consequences of her actions and continuing with her current habits.
  3. Engaging in self-destructive behavior.
  4. Blaming external factors or other people for her negative habits without taking personal responsibility.
  5. Seeking validation from friends with similar unhealthy habits to justify her behaviors.
  6. Comparing herself to others and dismissing her own bad habits as “not as bad” in comparison.
Answer :- 

12. Which of the following statements about dopamine is true?

  1. It is not involved in motivation, goal-setting, or other non-addictive behaviors.
  2. It cannot be influenced by external factors such as stress, drugs, and experiences.
  3. It will function in the same way whether you use a good or bad habit to induce it.
  4. It only affects the brain’s pleasure centers and does not impact other brain functions.
  5. Its amount released is the same regardless of the behavior or activity that triggers it.
  6. It is a hormone, not a neurotransmitter.
Answer :- 

13. Nebin is a professional who wants to optimize his productivity and achieve his goals effectively. Which of the following scenarios align with the principles that will lead him to success?

  1. Nebin spends excessive time on tasks that are not aligned with his main goals, neglecting the important ones.
  2. Nebin spends most of his time daydreaming and lacks a structured approach to achieving his goals.
  3. Nebin keeps a clear priority list, regularly reassesses it, and adjusts his focus accordingly.
  4. Nebin believes that investing time in non-essential activities will always lead to breakthroughs.
  5. Nebin meticulously plans his day but fails to adapt or reprioritize when unexpected circumstances arise.
  6. Nebin tends to take on too many tasks simultaneously, resulting in a lack of focus and suboptimal outcomes.
Answer :- 

14. Identify the quote attributed to Charles Noble from the following options.

  1. “First we make our habits, then our habits make us.”
  2. “Quality is not an act, it is a habit.”
  3. “The chains of habit are too weak to be felt until they are too strong to be broken.”
  4. “Character is a long-standing habit.”
  5. “A nail is driven out by another nail; habit is overcome by habit.”
  6. “Motivation is what gets you started. Habit is what keeps you going.”
Answer :- 

14. Rahul is working on a project and suddenly receives an urgent phone call requiring immediate attention. He has to leave the project incomplete and attend the call. Even while attending the call, he feels uneasy and disturbed. Which option best explains Rahul’s experience based on the Zeigarnik effect?

  1. Rahul’s inability to focus on the project is due to a lack of interest.
  2. Rahul’s interrupted task creates a sense of tension and mental preoccupation.
  3. Rahul can quickly abandon the interrupted task and start a new one without any hesitation.
  4. Rahul can easily forget the unfinished task, as whatever he is doing now is important.
  5. Rahul is feeling disturbed because he is hungry.
  6. Rahul hates attending calls.
Answer :- 

15. Rahul is working on a project and suddenly receives an urgent phone call requiring immediate attention. He has to leave the project incomplete and attend the call. Even while attending the call, he feels uneasy and disturbed. Which option best explains Rahul’s experience based on the Zeigarnik effect?

  1. Rahul’s inability to focus on the project is due to a lack of interest.
  2. Rahul’s interrupted task creates a sense of tension and mental preoccupation.
  3. Rahul can quickly abandon the interrupted task and start a new one without any hesitation.
  4. Rahul can easily forget the unfinished task, as whatever he is doing now is important.
  5. Rahul is feeling disturbed because he is hungry.
  6. Rahul hates attending calls.
Answer :- 

16. Arjun wants to develop a habit of practicing gratitude daily. He struggles to stay consistent with this habit. Which of the following options SHOULD NOT be practiced by him to reinforce gratitude in his life?

  1. Keep a gratitude journal and write down three things he’s grateful for each day.
  2. Express gratitude to others through thank-you notes or kind gestures.
  3. Practice mindfulness and focus on appreciating the present moment and what it offers.
  4. Surround himself with people who constantly complain.
  5. Find silver linings in all situations and challenges.
  6. Start each day with a positive affirmation related to gratitude.
Answer :- 

17. Identify the author of the following quotation: “Sometimes not getting what you want is a wonderful stroke of luck.”

  1. Mother Teresa
  2. The Dalai Lama
  3. Walt Disney
  4. Plato
  5. Satyajit Ray
  6. Rabindranath Tagore
Answer :- 

18. Midhuna has recently gone through a breakup and desires to forget her former partner. Identify the action she should AVOID to achieve a sense of completion and peace of mind.

  1. Get rid of the things that remind her of her partner.
  2. Think about all the good times they have had together.
  3. Engage in activities she enjoys.
  4. Spend time with friends.
  5. Create a to-do list.
  6. Travel to places she has never been before
Answer :- 

19. Aneeta has the habit of leaving the dishes unwashed after using them. They have accumulated over time, inviting cockroaches and other pests. Which among the following options is NOT compromised here due to this bad habit of Aneeta?

  1. Discipline
  2. Personal Hygiene
  3. Responsibility
  4. Self-accountability
  5. Apathy
  6. Integrity
Answer :- 

20. Sudha has been struggling with anxiety and wants to develop a habit that promotes better mental health. What habit can Sudha cultivate to support his mental well-being?

  1. Playing video games every day and watching an OTT series at night.
  2. Engaging in excessive alcohol consumption as a means of temporarily escaping anxiety symptoms.
  3. Isolating himself from social interactions and avoiding any form of human connection.
  4. Establishing a consistent sleep routine and ensuring adequate rest.
  5. Distracting himself from anxious thoughts by excessive engagement with social media or video games.
  6. Neglecting self-care activities, such as proper nutrition and personal hygiene, due to anxiety-related difficulties.
Answer :- 

21. agannath is a driver who does not use a seatbelt while driving. He believes this is not a bad habit, as not doing anything does not fall under a habit. Jagannath is right.

  • True
  • False
Answer :- 

22. Dopamine is known as the motivation molecule.

  1. True
  2. False
Answer :- 

23. Shankar believes that powerful change in one’s life is possible only if you have enough money for it. Shankar has an accurate understanding of reality.

  1. True
  2. False
Answer :- 

24. Ameena and Farha are friends who also work together. Ameena is a disciplined person who believes that Farha’s actions can have no effect on her. Farha, however, believes that Ameena’s inclination t0wards maintaining good habits is useless and constantly makes fun of her for following a consistent plan in her life. Ameena and Farha have a healthy relationship.

  1. True
  2. False
Answer :- 

25. Beena is a therapist who has the habit of working long hours. She thinks it is permissible as she is helping other people to improve their mental health. This is wrong as Beena should practice self-awareness and take care of her health.

  1. True
  2. False




Lecture 13: Habits: Guiding Principles

In Lecture 13, you will learn about the guiding principles of habits and their significance in shaping our lives. Habits are the building blocks of our daily routines, and understanding their principles is crucial to effecting positive changes. Let's explore some essential guiding principles:


Cue-Routine-Reward Loop: Habits are formed through a loop of cue, routine, and reward. Identifying these elements can help you understand and modify your habits effectively.


Keystone Habits: Certain habits have a ripple effect on other areas of life. Discovering and nurturing these keystone habits can lead to significant transformations.


The Power of Habit Stacking: Learn how to build new habits by associating them with existing ones, making it easier to integrate positive behaviors into your daily life.


Patience and Consistency: Developing new habits requires time and dedication. Embrace the process and stay consistent to see long-lasting results.


Lecture 14: Habits: Identifying Good And Bad Habits

In Lecture 14, you will dive deeper into the world of habits, focusing on how to distinguish between good and bad habits. Not all habits are created equal, and recognizing their impact on your life is essential for personal growth. Here's what you'll learn:


Positive vs. Negative Habits: Understand the difference between habits that serve you well and those that hinder your progress.


Self-Awareness and Reflection: Develop the skill of self-awareness to identify your existing habits and assess their effects on your life.


Creating a Habit Inventory: Make a list of your habits and categorize them to determine which ones to keep, modify, or eliminate.


Replacing Bad Habits: Learn techniques to replace undesirable habits with more constructive ones, fostering a positive transformation.


Lecture 15: Habits: Habit Cycle

Lecture 15 delves into the intricate workings of the habit cycle, shedding light on how habits form and become ingrained in our lives. Understanding this cycle is crucial for anyone looking to instill positive habits. Here's what this lecture covers:


The Habit Loop: Explore the three stages of the habit loop - cue, routine, and reward - and how they contribute to habit formation.


Habit Triggers: Identify the triggers that initiate specific habits and how to manage them to break negative cycles.


The Role of Environment: Learn how our surroundings influence habit development and how to create an environment conducive to positive habits.


Neuroplasticity and Habit Formation: Understand the brain's ability to rewire itself, enabling you to form new habits effectively.


Lecture 16: Breaking Bad Habits

In Lecture 16, you'll discover effective strategies to break free from detrimental habits that may be holding you back. Breaking bad habits can be challenging, but with the right approach, it is entirely achievable. Here are the key takeaways from this lecture:


Identifying Triggers and Rewards: Pinpoint the triggers and rewards associated with bad habits to dismantle the habit loop.


Substitution and Replacement: Replace negative habits with positive alternatives that align with your personal goals.


Mindfulness and Self-Control: Practice mindfulness to become more aware of your actions and exercise self-control to overcome urges.


Building a Support System: Surround yourself with supportive individuals who can encourage and assist you in your journey to break bad habits.


Lecture 17: Using The Zeigarnik Effect For Productivity And Personal Growth

Lecture 17 introduces the Zeigarnik Effect, a psychological phenomenon that can significantly impact productivity and personal growth. By understanding this effect, you can harness its power to your advantage. Here's what you'll learn:


Understanding The Zeigarnik Effect: Explore how unfinished tasks and goals create mental tension, driving you to complete them.


Utilizing Procrastination Wisely: Discover how controlled procrastination can boost productivity and creativity.


Setting Clear Goals: Learn how to set clear and achievable goals to keep yourself motivated and focused.


Mindful Task Management: Apply the Zeigarnik Effect to enhance your time management and productivity skills.


Lecture 18: Forming Habits Of Success

In the final lecture of this assignment, Lecture 18, you will be introduced to the concept of forming habits of success. These habits play a pivotal role in achieving your goals and maintaining a prosperous life. Here's what you'll take away from this lecture:


Embracing Growth Mindset: Cultivate a growth mindset that welcomes challenges and values continuous improvement.


Emotional Intelligence and Resilience: Develop emotional intelligence and resilience to navigate obstacles and setbacks gracefully.


Visualization and Affirmations: Use visualization techniques and affirmations to reinforce positive habits and beliefs.


Creating a Daily Success Routine: Establish a daily routine that incorporates the habits of success, setting the foundation for a fulfilling life.


FAQs

Can I take this NPTEL course outside the specified period (July- Oct 2023)?

Yes, NPTEL often offers archived courses, allowing learners to access the course material even after the specified period. Keep an eye on their website or announcements for updates on archived courses.


How do keystone habits impact personal development?

Keystone habits have a cascading effect, influencing other behaviors and routines in your life. By focusing on nurturing positive keystone habits, you can create a domino effect of positive changes.


Are bad habits difficult to break?

Breaking bad habits can be challenging, as they become ingrained in our routines. However, with patience, mindfulness, and dedication, it is entirely possible to overcome them and replace them with positive habits.


Can the Zeigarnik Effect be used for academic success?

Yes, the Zeigarnik Effect can be harnessed for academic success. By using the tension created by unfinished tasks, you can enhance focus and motivation to complete your academic assignments efficiently.


How long does it take to form a new habit?

The time required to form a new habit can vary from person to person. Generally, it takes around 21 to 66 days of consistent practice to establish a new habit.


What is the significance of a growth mindset in forming habits of success?

A growth mindset is vital for forming habits of success as it encourages a positive outlook on challenges and failures. Embracing growth mindset principles helps individuals persevere and continuously improve in their pursuit of success.



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Conclusion

In conclusion, NPTEL's Developing Soft Skills And Personality Assignment 3 is a valuable resource for anyone seeking personal and professional growth. By understanding the guiding principles of habits, identifying good and bad habits, and utilizing the Ze

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